A refrigerant is a substance that can be either a liquid or can be in a gaseous state. It quickly absorbs heat from the surroundings and can provide refrigeration or air conditioning when combined with other components such as compressors and evaporators. Let’s look at how refrigerant works in your air conditioner in the form of refrigerant gas, the different types of refrigerants, and the laws that govern them.
What Is Refrigerant and How Does It Work?
Copper coils in air conditioners hold refrigerant gas. The refrigerant gas changes from a low-pressure gas to a high-pressure liquid when it absorbs heat from the indoor air. This gas is sent outside by AC components, where a fan blasts hot air over the coils and exhausts it to the outside.
When all this is done, the refrigerant cools down and reverts to a low-pressure gas. Another fan blasts air over the cool coils inside the house, distributing the generated cold air throughout the structure. The cycle then repeats itself.
The Different Types of Refrigerants
The following are the most popular refrigerants gases used in air conditioning over the years:
CFCs, such as R12, are chlorofluorocarbons. This has been linked to the greenhouse gas impact. Later in 1994, with a drastic change production came to an end.
R22 and other hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Many countries have imposed a phase-down with the Clean Air Act of 2010, despite being somewhat less harmful to ozone than R12. By 2020, R22 would be phased out.
R410A and R134 are examples of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). HFCs are better for the environment because they don’t contain chlorine. R410A-powered air conditioners are more efficient, dependable, and provide higher air quality.
Laws Regulating Refrigerant Use in Air Conditioners
Although R410A is an HFC, it is not entirely safe. As a result of this, many countries has established a few standards for handling and disposing of refrigerant:
It is illegal to vent refrigerant intentionally. It is must to use Low-loss fittings to reduce the amount of refrigerant emitted when purging, connecting, or disconnecting air conditioners.
Technicians must do everything possible to safely recapture, recycle, and dispose of refrigerants.
According to regulations, air conditioners and other refrigerant-using appliances must be disposed of.
Leaks in the refrigeration system must be fixed within 30 days.
Refrigeration can only be purchased by licensed heating, ventilation, and air conditioning companies and personnel.
Many countries impose significant penalties for violating these and other refrigerant laws, including fines of up to $37,500 per day.
Should You Replace Your Air Conditioner?
Examine the external component of your air conditioner. You’re chilling using an obsolete, environmentally harmful refrigerant if it says R22. The EPA does not require you to upgrade your equipment right away. However, if a refrigerant leak develops, restoration may be impossible due to the rising scarcity of R22. R22 and R410A, on the other hand, are not interchangeable.
Consider upgrading now rather than waiting for your older equipment to break down. The greater efficiency and reliability will prove to be well worth the investment. For assistance, contact WESTRON® facility. WESTRON® is providing lower GDP refrigerants and the brand is at the technology front-line of every chief development of fluorocarbon refrigerants in MENA and African regions. It has lower to no environmental impact; they’re trustworthy, proficient & worthwhile. Today’s major stationary & mobile refrigerants are effectively managed by them in UAE. They offer an inclusive range of commercial, substitute, transitional and long-term refrigerants. They meet or beat the performance levels of older refrigerants. Al Waleed Refrigerant Gas Industry is established with the motive to provide complete refrigeration solutions. Their latest facilities in AL Jurf, Ajman Industrial Area, UAE, include storage and refilling for various refrigerant types in customized packing.